June 11, 2011

Philosophy Library

A Short Biography and Works of Sartre
Jean Paul Sartre was born on June 21, 1905 and died on April 15, 1980. Sartre was one of the famous French existentialist philosopher. His work is Les Mots (1964), which is one peak of his works in addition to L `etre et le neant, Essay d'ontologie phenomenologique (1943). Another book is existentialisme L `est un
humanism (1946) which contains a lecture Sartre defends existentialism against the objections raised by the communism. Meanwhile, in another book that is La transcendence de l'ego (1936), Sartre interprets Husserl Fenemenology realistically, where philosophy as a mean to express the concrete reality and experience. Other works are L'Imagination (1936), Esquisse d 'une theorie des emotions (1939), L'imaginaire (1940). Other major works Critique de la raison dialectique ( 1960).
Meanwhile, the first literary work is La Nausee (1938) a novel. While his play script are Les Mouches (1943), Huis Clos (1945), Morts sans sepulture (1946), La putain respectueuse (1946), Les played sales (1948), Le Diable et le bon Dieu (1951), Les sequestres d `Altona (1960), Les chemins de la Liberte (1944).
In 1929, Sartre acquainted with a philosophy student from Sorbonne University ie. Simone de Beauvoir. They live together without getting married because marriage is a borjouis institution. One of Sartre's famous statement is "Man is nothing else but what he makes of Himself." Man is must be free in the truest sense. He created his future and therefore he is responsible for himself and for others. This responsibility can not be charged to others, even to God. Presence or absence of God does not affect anything in humans, as Sartre said.

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