May 27, 2011

Greek Philosophy

A Short History of Greek Philosophy
The period of Western philosophy starts from Greek philosophy that runs from the 6th century BC until the 6th century. In this period there were 3 periods of thought namely:
1. Opinion of natural philosophers who seek the principle of all things (Arkhe) like Thales as “the first philosopher, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Pythagoras, Herakleitos, Parmenides, Zeno of Elea, Empedocles,

 Leukipos and Demokritos. They all called the Pre-Socratic philosophers  from the 6th century BC until the 4th century BC.
Thales (624 BC-548 BC) argued that Arkhe is water because water present in all living things. Thales include as seven of wisdom man (hoi hepta sophoi).  Anaximander Or
Anaximandros (611 BC-547 BC) argued that Arkhe is "To Apeiron" or the divine nature infinite, eternal and all-pervading.

2. Sophist period which is the peak development of Greek philosophy. In this period the problem of Greek philosophy has evolved into metaphysic, logic, ethic, natural philosophy, philosophy of state and aesthetic. The philosopher figures are Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.
3. The third period began after Aristotle. Philosophy at this time more concerned with ethics as reflected in the teachings of the Stoics and Epicurus. This period was closed by Neo-Platonism which was pioneered by Plotinos.
After fading, Greek philosophy was replaced by the philosophy Scholastic and philosophy Patriatik. Patriatik period culminated in the philosophy of Augustine, while the Christian scholastic period culminated in the philosophy of Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas.
Whereas in the Islamic world in the Middle Ages has grown too philosophical thought with the main characters such as: Al-Kindi, Al-Farabi, Ibn Sina and Al-gazhali as a sharp critic. While the culmination of Islam philosophy is in Ibn Rushd who have great influence in the Western world.
Please you discuss about this Greek Philosophy articles with me. You also can read about Definition of philosophy at this blog.  

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