July 27, 2011

Philosophy of Ayn Rand

A Highlight Philosophy of Ayn Rand

Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum (20 January 1905-6 March 1982) was an American-Russia philosopher and novelist. He is better known as Ayn Rand. Philosophical works are The Atlas Shrugged and The Fountainhead. Philosophy of Ayn Rand is objectivism i.e. that the purpose of life is an absolute joy to get to a higher level.

In metaphysics, philosophical realism and Rand embraced atheism, and opposing anything that is considered as mysticism or the supernatural, including all forms of religion. In epistemology, he considers all knowledge must be based on sense perception. Validity of which he considered to be axiomatic, and reason, which he described as "the faculty which identifies and integrates the material provided by the human senses." He rejected all the claims of non-perceptual or a priori knowledge, including "'instinct', 'intuition', 'revelation,' or form '.

In ethics, Rand argues for rational egoism as a guiding moral principle. He said individuals should "exist for its own sake, do not sacrifice himself for others or sacrificing others to himself." He condemned the ethical altruism as incompatible with the requirements of human life and happiness, and holds that the initiation of the forces of evil and irrational, wrote in Atlas Shrugged that "Force and mind are the opposite".

Rand's political philosophy emphasizing individual rights (including property rights), and he considered laissez-faire capitalism the only moral social system because in his view it is a system based solely on the protection of the rights He rejected all forms of collectivism and statism, including fascism, communism, socialism, and the welfare state. Rand believes rights to be enforced by a limited constitutional government. Despite his political views are often classified as conservative or libertarian, he prefers the term "radical for capitalism". He worked with conservative politics on projects, but he does not agree with issues like religion and ethics He denounced libertarianism, which he attributed to anarchism. He refused to anarchism as a theory based on the naive subjectivism which can only lead to collectivism in practice

Rand defines the aesthetics of art as a "selective re-creation of reality according to an artist's metaphysical value judgments." According to Rand, art allows philosophical concepts to be presented in the form of concrete that can be easily understood, thus meeting the needs of human consciousness. As a writer, Rand focuses on the art form closest to the literature, where it considered romantic to be an approach that most accurately reflects the existence of human free will. He describes his own approach to literature as "romantic realism".

Rand admitted that he was much influenced by Aristotle and Aquinas, so he called his recommendation that the history of philosophy is the "three A" that is Ayn Rand, Aristotle and Aquinas. In the early days of Rand's philosophy was much influenced by Nietsczhe especially with the concept of Will to Power, but when Rand wrote The Fountainhead, he turned against the ideas Nietszche.

Philosophy of Ayn Rand is hate the thought of Immanuel Kant. He refers to Kant as the "Giant" and "the most evil man in history". Mengeani this, Objectivist philosopher George Walsh and Fred Seddon argues that Rand's wrong in interpreting Kant.

In 1976, Rand said that the most important contribution to his philosophy of "theoretical concept, [his] ethical, and [he's] invention in that the crime-politics-rights violations consist of the initiation of force." He believes the basis of epistemology is the branch of philosophy and is regarded as advocating an excuse to become the single most significant aspect of his philosophy, stated, "I do not particularly supporters of capitalism, but selfishness, and I do not particularly advocate of egoism, but the reason. If one recognizes the supremacy of reason and applies it consistently, all the rest follows. Please read my other articles like chinnese philosophy.

No comments:

Post a Comment